Ukrainians have fled more than 100,000 homes, according to U.N. agencies. As part of his new sanctions against Russia, U.S. President Joe Biden says President Putin “chose” war. Putin invading Ukraine territory. Ukraine’s president declares martial law, vowing to defend his nation.
Why is Putin invading Ukraine now?
The Russian military is on the outskirts of Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine, launching an air, land, and sea attack. After months of denying he would invade his neighbor, President Vladimir Putin tore up a peace deal, sending troops across as Putin invading Ukraine borders.
He is accused of shattered peace in Europe as the death toll rises. It could jeopardize the security structure of the continent as a whole. Although the outcome of the conflict cannot be predicted, experts have insight into its origins.
Ukraine and Russia History
A thousand years ago, Russia and Ukraine shared a legacy that both countries have complicated or shared. According to the Council on Foreign Relations, Ukraine was the breadbasket of Europe in the last century, one of the most populous and powerful republics in the former USSR and a significant agricultural import. While Russia has watched over its neighbor to the West closely in the past, Ukrainians have experienced periods of protest and government corruption during their independence.
Despite Ukraine’s ambitions to align itself better with Western countries – including its public interest in joining NATO, which was formed at least in part to deter Soviet expansion – the council notes that Russia has responded with aggression. After Ukrainians ousted an anti-Russian president in 2014, tensions ballooned.
In a move widely condemned by the international community, Russia annexed the Crimea region of Ukraine under the dubious claim that it was protecting ethnic Russians and Russian-speaking Ukrainians.
A separatist movement in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of eastern Ukraine that led to armed conflict was backed by Russia at the same time. Both sides declared independence during a protracted standoff; according to the 15 years since there have been at least 14,000 deaths between the two countries in the council.
What is the reason for the attack by Russian troops?
After being ordered by Russia’s leader to invade the capital of Ukraine, Russian troops are advancing in several directions. His pre-dawn address to the T.V. audience on Feb. 24 said Russia was under constant threat from Ukraine, which he claimed to be a continuous threat to Russia.
As the first targets were hit, airports and the military H.Q.s were located near cities across Ukraine, then Russian and Belarusian tanks and troops rolled into the country from the north, east, and south.
The arguments presented by President Putin were false and irrational. Axing his efforts to “demilitarize and de-Nazifying” Ukraine, he claimed he wanted to safeguard people subjected to bullying and genocide. Despite reports contrary, Ukraine is a thriving democracy headed by a Jewish president. A Nazi? Volodymyr Zelensky asked, comparing the Russian invasion to Hitler’s.
What prompted the current Russian-Ukrainian conflict?
The Russians began building their military presence around Ukraine in late 2021 under various pretexts while remaining vague on their intentions. It includes Belarus, a country Russia considers a close ally. Thousands of troops were hovering on the border in December, virtually encircling the country, stoking tensions to the point that President Putin and U.S. President Joe Biden spoke.
Russia increased its forces surrounding Ukraine earlier this year, which heightened fears.
Since then, Biden and Putin have spoken again, a U.N. Security Council meeting has been called, and heads of state from NATO, the U.S., and other countries have called on Russia to deescalate or face retaliation. According to the most recent estimates, nearly 200,000 Russian troops were on the border before the invasion.
How does Russia view Ukraine?
A translated transcript of Putin and Macron’s Jan. 28 phone call indicates that general Kremlin concerns about NATO expansion are fundamental. In Russia’s opinion, one of the main demands is that Ukraine refrains from joining NATO, an alliance between 28 European countries and two North American countries that promotes peace and security in the North Atlantic region. As a former Soviet state, the former Soviet Union is one of a few nations in Eastern Europe not affiliated with the alliance.
According to William Pomeranz, the acting director of the Kennan Institute at the Wilson Center, a nonpartisan think tank, NATO probably does not intend right now to admit Ukraine to the organization.
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